FOR THE CURIOUS CELLIST

Romantic Period: History and Repertoire

For a discussion about Romantic Style and Interpretation, click on the highlighted link.

Here below is a timeline for the Romantic Period composers (with some curiosities on either side of this period). Click on the link for each composer to see what pieces of theirs are available:

Paganini¬†¬†¬† 1782 …………………. 1840
Rossini ¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† 1792¬† ………… 1829 ………………. 1868
Schubert ¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† 1797 ……… 1828
Mendelssohn¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† 1809 ……………¬† 1847
Chopin ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬†¬† 1810 …………….. 1849
Schumann ¬† ¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬†¬† 1810 …………………. 1856
Verdi ¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† 1813 ……………………………………………….. 1901
Cesar Franck ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬† ¬† ¬† 1822 …………………………………….. 1890
Brahms ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† 1833 ……………………………………. 1897
Saint-Saens ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† 1835 …………………………………………………… 1921
Bizet ¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬† ¬† ¬† 1838 ………………. 1875
Tchaikovsky ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬† 1840 …………………………… 1893
Dvorak ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬† 1841 …………………………………… 1904
Sarasate ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬† ¬† 1844 ………………………………….. 1908
Elgar ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬† ¬† 1857 …………………………………………………. 1934
Puccini ¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬†¬† ¬† ¬†¬† 1858 ……………………………………………. 1924
Rachmaninoff¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† 1873 …………………………………………… 1943

Joplin¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬†¬†¬† 1868 …………………………… 1917

Yes, isn’t it extraordinary that Scott Joplin, the creator of ragtime (which was the seed from which sprouted blues, jazz, pop, and rock) was born in the same year that Rossini died !

Of course, it’s not only a composer’s birth year that is relevant to their compositional style but also the age to which they lived (in other words, their death year). Mendelssohn, Chopin, Schumann and Verdi were all born within the same four-year period (1809-1813) but Verdi lived approximately 50 years more than his germanic colleagues. A timeline presenting the Romantic Period composers according now to their death dates changes their order significantly and probably gives us a better idea of their stylistic references, certainly with regard to their mature works.

Here then is a list of the same Romantic composers but now placed in order of their death dates:

Schubert ¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† 1797 ………… 1828
Paganini ¬†¬†¬†¬† 1782 …………………. 1840
Mendelssohn¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† 1809 ……………¬† 1847
Chopin ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬†¬† 1810 …………….. 1849
Schumann ¬† ¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬†¬† 1810 …………………. 1856
Rossini ¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬†¬†¬†¬† 1792¬† ……………………………….. 1868
Bizet ¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬† 1838 …………………. 1875
Cesar Franck ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬† ¬† 1822 …………………………………….. 1890
Tchaikovsky ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬† 1840 …………………………… 1893
Brahms ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† 1833 ……………………………………. 1897
Verdi ¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬† 1813 …………………………………………………. 1901
Dvorak ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬† 1841 …………………………………… 1904
Sarasate ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬† ¬† 1844 ………………………………….. 1908
Joplin¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬†¬†¬† 1868 …………………………… 1917
Saint-Saens ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† 1835 …………………………………………………… 1921
Puccini ¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† 1858 ………………………………………… 1924
Elgar ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬† ¬† 1857 …………………………………………………. 1934
Rachmaninoff¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† 1873 …………………………………………… 1943